Amateur artist Samuel Brozina prepares for Easter as he sets to work on his latest piece of traditional Ukrainian folk art.
Taking up the hobby and interest as a child, more than two decades on, Samuel Brozina remains passionate about traditional Ukrainian folk art. With Easter now on the approach, Brozina, who’s from the New Jersey city of Millville, explains more about the art form known as pysanka.
“For my family and myself, pysanka decorating is an Easter tradition,” Brozina explains, “and me and my father, in particular, thoroughly enjoy the process each year.”
Pysanka are Ukrainian Easter eggs decorated with traditional folk designs, most commonly completed using what’s known as a wax-resist method. The name comes from the Ukrainian verb pysaty—meaning to inscribe—which reflects the way in which designs are inscribed onto pysanka with beeswax.
Samuel Brozina, Millville, NJ, is a licensed pilot and lifelong resident of the popular Garden State city, located in Cumberland County, New Jersey. Brozina currently works as a landscaping service foreman and is a keen hobby artist in his free time.
Samuel credits his passion for traditional Ukrainian Easter egg decoration with teaching him patience and helping him to develop a steady hand – something vital in his life as a licensed pilot. “It’s also a creative outlet and a relaxing hobby,” adds New Jersey native Brozina, “and brings me closer to the roots of the Ukrainian side of my family.”
In Ukraine, pysanka are a staple of traditional Easter baskets, according to Samuel Brozina, Millville, NJ. The decorated eggs and other traditional items are included in Easter baskets which are then delivered to a local church in order to be blessed. Easter this year falls on Sunday, April 12. “It’s quite a time-consuming process, decorating pysanka,” explains Brozina, “so it’s important that we make a start well before Easter Sunday!”
The process, he says, involves dipping the eggs in a dye bath after they’ve been inscribed with wax. The areas covered by wax do not, he reveals, absorb the color. “After several steps of inscribing and dyeing, all of the wax is melted away to reveal the pattern underneath,” adds the expert. “While my father tends to stick with more traditional designs,” he continues, “I love to let my creativity flow to create pysanka which reflect my personal tastes and favorite aspects of traditional Ukrainian folk art.”
Samuel Brozina hopes to have his latest pysanka completed by the end of March, ready to be blessed by his local church well ahead of Easter weekend. “I’m also an active member of my church year-round,” he adds, wrapping up, “where I thoroughly enjoy singing bass in the choir.”
Licensed pilot Samuel Brozina explains civil aviation, one of the two main categories of flying, both commercial and private.
Representing all non-military air travel, the civil category of aviation includes both private and commercial flying. A licensed pilot from Millville, NJ, Samuel Brozina, a lifelong aviation enthusiast and the proud owner of an ERCO Ercoupe classic low-wing monoplane aircraft, explains more about the practice.
“Civil aviation represents all non-military aviation, both commercial and private, and is one of the two main categories of flying, both in the U.S. and internationally,” explains Millville, NJ-based pilot Samuel Brozina.
Most countries, he goes on to reveal, are members of the International Civil Aviation Organization. “Members of the International Civil Aviation Organization work together,” adds the expert, “to establish recommended practices and common standards for civil aviation across the board.”
According to Brozina, civil aviation features two primary categories – scheduled air transport, and what’s known as general aviation. Scheduled air transport, he says, includes all passenger and cargo flights that operate on scheduled routes. “General aviation, meanwhile,” Brozina reveals, “includes all other civil flights, whether private or commercial in nature.”
Interestingly, general aviation represents the larger category, both in terms of the number of flights and the number of flight hours in the U.S. currently. This, says Brozina, is despite scheduled air transport being significantly larger, as an operation, when considering individual passenger numbers. “In the U.S.,” reveals the expert, “general aviation carries approximately 165 million passengers annually – more than any one individual airline.”
Overall, however, U.S. airlines, when combined, routinely carry in excess of 600 million passengers each year, according to Brozina. “Still, it remains, though,” he adds, “that general aviation is the larger category in terms of the number of individual flights, and pilot flight hours.”
Further to distinguishing between commercial and private, some countries make an additional regulatory distinction based on whether an aircraft is flown for hire or not. “Commercial aviation represents essentially all flying completed for hire,” Brozina explains. Private aviation, meanwhile, he notes, typically extends solely to pilots flying for their own purposes, such as recreation or for personal travel, and wholly without receiving any form of financial compensation as a result.
“While general aviation can be either commercial or private, all scheduled air transport is deemed commercial,” adds Millville, NJ-based pilot Samuel Brozina, wrapping up, “and any pilot, aircraft, or operator completing scheduled or commercial air transport must be authorized to perform such operations via the necessary licensing, registration, and certification.”
Pilot and aviation fan Samuel Brozina shares little known facts about the famous ERCO Ercoupe.
Touted to be the world’s easiest two-seater aircraft to fly, the ERCO Ercoupe was first produced in 1939. A licensed pilot and Ercoupe owner from Millville, New Jersey, aviation enthusiast Samuel Brozina reveals a number of little-known facts about the popular all-American, mid-20th century aircraft.
“The ERCO Ercoupe is, perhaps, best known among fans of aviation for its lack of rudder pedals or a tail wheel,” reveals Brozina, a licensed pilot from Millville, New Jersey, “both of which raised eyebrows among the civil aviation public at launch.”
Designed with so-called limited elevator movement and no rudder pedals, the ERCO Ercoupe was one of the very first aircraft ever to use what’s today commonly referred to as a tricycle undercarriage, according to the expert and Ercoupe owner. “A nose wheel, meanwhile,” he goes on to reveal, “simplifies handling on the ground and was, at the Ercoupe’s unveiling, said to make landing far easier than in other aircraft, such as those with a traditional tail wheel configuration.”
Officially launched in 1940, the original two-seater recreational aircraft boasted a 75 horsepower engine and a top speed in excess of 140 mph, according to Millville, New Jersey-based Samuel Brozina, a lifelong fan of the ERCO Ercoupe. “With a range of around 300 miles and a cruise speed of 95 mph, it was popular with recreational pilots at launch,” he explains, “and remains so with many aviation enthusiasts today.”
Among Samuel Brozina’s favorite little-known facts about the ERCO Ercoupe is that the aircraft is said to be almost impossible to stall or spin. Crosswind landings, too, are simplified, he says, in the Ercoupe, ideal for novice pilots. “This,” adds Brozina, “is thanks to the aforementioned combination of the Ercoupe’s tricycle undercarriage and linked controls.”
Thanks to its small engine and propeller, the Ercoupe also produces only minimal torque pull, according to Samuel Brozina. “Notable characteristics of the ERCO Ercoupe include a takeoff run which is long, and a climb rate which is slow,” adds the Ercoupe expert.
Production of the Ercoupe continued in different versions from 1939 until 1967, with the only break occurring during World War II. “Later aircraft,” Brozina reveals, “featured lighter and more powerful engines, as well as additional streamlining.”
“A grand total of 5,685 Ercoupe aircraft across all versions were produced,” he adds, wrapping up, “with around 2,000 still in existence, but fewer than 1,000 now registered to fly in the United States today.”
New Jersey native Samuel Brozina shares a brief look back on the history of his home city of Millville.
Born and raised in the New Jersey city of Millville, just 45 miles from Philadelphia, Samuel Brozina, a local landscaping service foreman and licensed pilot, reveals more about his home city located in Cumberland County and first established in the late 1700s.
“The city of Millville dates back to the late 1700s,” explains Brozina. Recognizing the area’s potential, with abundant woodland and in close proximity to the Maurice River, Captain Joseph Buck—a Revolutionary War veteran—first sought to establish Millville in 1795, according to the New Jersey native.
“In 1795, Captain Joseph Buck, a veteran of the Revolutionary War, began to draw up plans for Millville having recognized the area for its dense forests and position on the Maurice River,” reveals Brozina, a Cumberland County College graduate and licensed pilot born and raised in the city. The then-proposed town’s name, he says, came from the surrounding area’s abundance of mills – hence, Millville.
Approximately five years later, vacant lots went up for sale. “Then no more than a small village, Millville was organized as a township in 1801,” adds Brozina. Captain Joseph Buck, he goes on to reveal, would die just two years later. “By the time of Captain Joseph Buck’s death, Millville was still only home to fewer than 20 houses,” says the licensed pilot and New Jersey native.
According to Samuel Brozina, it wasn’t for another 60 years or more that Millville would achieve its city status. “The growing town was incorporated as a city in 1866,” he explains, “by an act of the state legislature, following which it would operate under the so-called mayor-council form of government until 1913.”
Until then, Brozina reveals that Millville’s mayor was routinely elected by the people. “In 1913, however, what’s known as the Walsh Act was passed,” says the lifelong Millville resident, “and the city entered its present commission form of government.”
To this day, there remain five elected commissioners, one of whom assumes the role of mayor, according to history buff Brozina. The southern New Jersey city of Millville is located in Cumberland County, approximately 45 miles from Philadelphia, 120-or-so miles from New York City, and around 140 miles from Washington, D.C.
Bordering municipalities include Lawrence Township, Deerfield Township, Downe Township, Maurice River Township, Commercial Township, and Vineland City.
“Millville enjoys excellent transport links to Philadelphia, New York City, and elsewhere,” adds licensed pilot Samuel Brozina, wrapping up, “including by boat, courtesy of the Maurice River which runs right through the heart of the city.”
Former war reenactor Samuel Brozina, from Millville, New Jersey, explains what it takes to become a successful war reenactment group member.
Exciting, educational, and personally rewarding alike, for a number of years, Samuel Brozina spent much of his free time volunteering as a Revolutionary War reenactor. Now a qualified pilot and local landscaping service foreman from Millville, New Jersey, Brozina outlines several key aspects which he believes are central to success for those looking to delve into the world of war reenactment.
“There are few better ways to learn about history than by spending time in the shoes of someone who lived in the past,” explains Brozina, touching on his first point – education.
It’s important, he says, that those seeking a role as a war reenactor take an active interest in history if they’re to do the process justice. “A reenactor should learn all he or she can about the time period and the persona they choose,” suggests the expert.
Brozina is also keen to highlight the costs involved. “As a hobby, being a successful war reenactor can become somewhat expensive,” he explains, “as uniforms and equipment are expected to be authentic in appearance and appropriate to the character of a person who lived in a bygone era.”
Don’t have a complete set of authentic supplies and equipment? “Don’t worry,” says Brozina. “In some cases, that may not be an issue as many war reenactment groups will have items to loan to new members interested in the hobby,” he reveals.
“There’s often at least a small physical requirement, too,” adds war reenactment expert Samuel Brozina, “and you should be in good health, and able to perform physical activities.”
Some roles, he says, are not as demanding as others, but a successful war reenactor should be fit and healthy enough to last for several hours or more without the comforts of modern life.
Asked for a closing tip for those interested in becoming a war reenactor, Brozina’s advice is to choose a group carefully. “Try the group out to see if you’re mutually a good fit for each other,” he advises. If not, the expert suggests looking for a group or time period of history that suits your needs or interests better.
“Most of all,” he adds, wrapping up, “enjoy the time you spend as the living face of history to members of the public who want to learn more.”
Licensed pilot Samuel Brozina offers a personal insight into his time spent as a volunteer Revolutionary War reenactor.
For a number of years, Samuel Brozina spent considerable time volunteering as a Revolutionary War reenactor. From being able to explain what it was like to have lived back in time, to learning all there is to know about a given role or persona, Brozina reveals what it takes to be a successful volunteer reenactor and why he loved the process so much.
“I found it a personally rewarding experience and would recommend the hobby to anyone interested in learning about history,” reveals Brozina, a licensed pilot from Millville, New Jersey. There are, he says, few better ways to learn than by spending hours in the shoes of someone who actually lived in the past.
According to Brozina, the hobby is attractive to persons of all ages, from children to seniors. “Anyone willing to imagine themselves transported back in time could be a volunteer Revolutionary War reenactor,” he suggests.
Reenactors take their roles very seriously, and Sam, he says, was no exception. “The hobby can become somewhat expensive as uniforms and equipment are expected to be authentic,” explains Brozina, “both in appearance and appropriate to the character of a person who lived in a bygone era.”
The physical requirements, however, are, according to the expert, rather more simple. “As long as a person is in good health and able to perform a level of physical activity, they should be able to find a role,” Brozina explains. “You could take the role of an actual historical individual,” he adds, “or a more general persona such as a nameless farmer who joined a militia or a private serving in the Continental Army or the Pennsylvania Line, for example.”
Born and raised in Millville, New Jersey, Samuel Brozina, a licensed pilot, is the proud owner of a rare ERCO Ercoupe aircraft. The pilot is also passionate about traditional art, and, in particular, the process of dyeing Ukrainian Easter eggs. “It’s both a relaxing hobby,” Brozina suggests, “as well as drawing me closer to the roots of the Ukrainian side of my family.”
Brozina has previously spoken at length about his love of traditional Ukrainian Easter egg dyeing while showcasing his broad range of hobbies and interests, as well as looking back on the history of aerospace and defense manufacturer ERCO in light of landing his own ERCO Ercoupe airplane.
“I believe that maintaining a number of hobbies and interests is important,” he adds, wrapping up, “and look forward to possibly revisiting my love of war reenactment once again when time permits.”
To learn more about former Revolutionary War reenactor, licensed pilot, and traditional Ukrainian Easter egg dyeing aficionado Samuel Brozina, from Millville, New Jersey, visit https://samuelbrozinamillvillenj.com/.
Licensed pilot and hobby artist Samuel Brozina reveals his favorite Easter tradition.
An active member of his local church, Samuel Brozina is proud to continue a tradition today enjoyed by fewer and fewer church members – Ukrainian Easter egg dyeing. A qualified pilot and landscaping service foreman from Millville, New Jersey, Brozina provides a closer look at the tradition of preparing Ukrainian Easter eggs.
“As a member of my local Ukrainian Orthodox church, I’m proud to be continuing the ancient art of traditional Easter egg dyeing,” explains Brozina, an active member of Saints Peter and Paul Ukrainian Orthodox Church in Millville, New Jersey.
At Easter, he and his father, to this day, continue to honor the tradition of preparing Ukrainian Easter eggs. “Each traditional Ukrainian Easter egg, or pysanka, is decorated with traditional Ukrainian folk designs,” says Brozina. Pysanka, he explains, are created by drawing—in wax—directly upon an egg’s shell with a special tool.
“When the egg is dipped in a bath of dye, the areas covered by wax do not absorb the color,” reveals the Easter egg dyeing aficionado. “At the end of several steps of drawing and dyeing, and drawing and dyeing, the wax is melted off to show the design underneath,” he adds.
The eggs, and other traditional items, are then included in Easter baskets which are delivered to church—in Samuel Brozina’s case, Saints Peter and Paul Ukrainian Orthodox Church in Millville, New Jersey—to be blessed.
“My father and I have been dyeing these eggs since I was a small boy, and although a few may have been dropped and broken when I was little, I’ve since developed a steady hand as well as the necessary patience required to make a fine finished product,” Samuel explains.
While Sam says his father sticks with more traditional designs, he likes to let his creativity flow, and, accordingly, many of his eggs represent his own personal tastes. “Making these eggs is a relaxing hobby and draws me closer to the roots of the Ukrainian side of my family,” reveals Brozina.
“Today, fewer and fewer church members take the time to make pysanka,” he adds, wrapping up, “so my family and friends, proud of my efforts, are pleased to see the tradition continue for years to come.”
To learn more about licensed pilot, landscaping service foreman, and traditional Ukrainian Easter egg dyeing aficionado Samuel Brozina, from Millville, New Jersey, head to https://samuelbrozinamillvillenj.com/.
Lifelong aviation fan and licensed pilot Samuel Brozina looks back on his recent purchase of a rare classic aircraft.
Now out of production for close to half a century, the Engineering and Research Corporation’s classic low-wing monoplane aircraft—the Ercoupe—is, today, an increasingly rare sight both in the skies and on the nation’s airfields. A lifelong fan of aviation, licensed pilot Samuel Brozina takes a brief look back on the purchase of his own Ercoupe, acquired recently from a seller less than 100 miles from his home in Millville, New Jersey.
“Even now, a while later, I still consider myself to be extremely lucky,” beams Brozina, a self-proclaimed fan of so-called World War II warbirds.
Among civilian aircraft, however, it’s always been the Ercoupe that has caught Samuel’s eye. “Drive by any small airport, and you’re bound to see any number of Cessnas, Pipers, and Beechcrafts,” suggests the licensed pilot, hobby artist, and landscaping service foreman, “but you probably won’t see any Ercoupes.”
Built in the United States until 1970, the Ercoupe is a low-wing monoplane aircraft which was designed by the Engineering and Research Corporation, or ERCO. “The final model first flew in 1968, but unfortunately, production then ceased just two short years later,” adds the expert.
At launch, the ERCO Ercoupe was marketed as ‘the future of travel,’ according to Millville resident and New Jersey native Brozina. “Affordable, easily handled, and readily available for purchase, it became a media sensation,” he explains.
Immensely popular with civilian pilots of the era, the Ercoupe was attracting up to 6,000 orders per year at its height. “Production, I believe, only ended when the bottom began to fall out of the civil aircraft market,” adds Brozina.
Today, only around 2,000 Ercoupes survive, with fewer than 1,000 of those still registered to fly. “With such a small number still in existence, I feel even more lucky to be the proud owner of my own Ercoupe,” suggests an undeniably enthusiastic Brozina, who acquired his private pilot’s license several years ago.
Samuel Brozina’s own Ercoupe came from Quakertown, Pennsylvania, around 50 miles north of Philadelphia and less than 100 miles from his hometown of Millville, New Jersey. “I was amazed to find one so close by,” he reveals.
Since collecting his purchase, enthusiast Brozina has even commissioned a unique Ercoupe jacket patch. “Now,” he adds, wrapping up, “I’m always ready for takeoff!”
Licensed Pilot and Ercoupe Owner Samuel Brozina Shares a Brief History of Former Aerospace and Defense Manufacturer Engineering and Research Corporation, or ERCO
Founded almost 90 years ago, Engineering and Research Corporation, more commonly known as ERCO, was an aerospace and defense manufacturer famed for designing the ERCO Ercoupe, a low-wing monoplane aircraft beloved by vintage aviation enthusiasts including Samuel Brozina. A licensed pilot, New Jersey native, and graduate of Cumberland County College in Vineland, NJ, Brozina looks back on the history of ERCO, first established to produce tools for manufacturing aircraft, parts, and propellers.
“The company was started by Henry Berliner in 1930,” explains Samuel. Henry was, he says, the son of Emile Berliner. Emile Berliner had, previously, patented a variety of inventions tied to acoustics and sound. He was also a pioneer of modern helicopter innovation and development, responsible for the experimental Berliner Helicopter, according to aviation enthusiast Samuel Brozina.
“Henry Berliner originally founded ERCO to make tools for the production of airplanes, propellers, and other parts,” adds Samuel Brozina. “Berliner soon met aeronautical engineer Fred Weick,” he explains, “who had previously worked on an experimental aircraft with an emphasis on cutting edge safety features.”
The pair subsequently began work on what would come to be known as the ERCO Ercoupe. A lifelong aviation enthusiast, Samuel Brozina, from Millville, NJ, is a particular fan of the ERCO Ercoupe, owning one of fewer than a thousand examples of the low-wing monoplane aircraft still registered to fly in America. “The Ercoupe was designed and built by ERCO until shortly before World War II,” adds the expert, “following which several other manufacturers went on to continue its production, post-war.”
“Alongside Berliner, Fred Weick, in the early days, called it his ‘safety airplane,'” reveals Brozina, “and just one year after work started, a prototype Ercoupe took to the skies for the first time.”
Struggling to source a suitable engine to power the new airplane, ERCO hired specialist engine design engineer Harold Morehouse. “What he designed,” says Samuel, “was the inverted, in-line I-L 116.”
A year later, however, and with affordability a priority, second only to safety, ERCO discovered a more cost-effective option in the all-new Continental A-65 engine. “The A-65 generated similar horsepower,” Samuel Brozina explains, “but for around half the cost.”
The finished product was certified by the Civil Aviation Authority in 1940. Yet, in 1947, the designs, parts, tools, materials, and distribution rights for the aircraft were sold to Sanders Aviation, who continued to produce the Ercoupe post-World War II, independently of Berliner, Weick, and their team.
“In total, ERCO and Sanders Aviation successfully manufactured and sold slightly more than 5,000 Ercoupes,” adds Brozina, wrapping up, “before the small aircraft market in the U.S. began to fall into decline.”
Millville Senior High School graduate and former OotM team member Samuel Brozina offers a closer look at the creative problem-solving program.
A creative problem-solving program for students from kindergarten through college, Odyssey of the Mind sees team members work together to solve predefined long-term problems before presenting their solutions in a competitive environment. Now a licensed pilot who, as a student, was involved in Odyssey of the Mind while studying at Millville Senior High School in Millville, New Jersey, Samuel Brozina explains more about the program, often abbreviated to OotM.
“The Odyssey of the Mind program was founded in 1978 at Glassboro State College in Glassboro, New Jersey,” reveals Brozina. The program’s first-ever competition, then known as Olympics of the Mind, involved students from 28 New Jersey schools, according to Samuel.
Odyssey of the Mind has since grown to include students from dozens of countries including Australia, Hong Kong, India, Japan, Russia, Singapore, South Korea, Switzerland, and the United Kingdom. “Odyssey of the Mind teams are primarily split into four divisions,” explains Brozina, “known as Division I through Division IV.”
“In Division IV,” he continues, “each team member must have a high school diploma or equivalent, and be enrolled in one or more courses at either a two- or four-year university or college.”
A fifth non-competitive primary division also exists where students are given simplified problems and fewer constraints than in the higher divisions, according to Brozina. “Team sizes are always limited to a maximum of seven students,” adds the former Odyssey of the Mind team member.
The Odyssey of the Mind World Finals are held annually, usually at the end of May. “The past eight finals have each been won by either Iowa State University in Ames, Iowa, or Michigan State University in East Lansing, Michigan,” Brozina reveals. Iowa State University took the title in 2018, 2016, 2014, and 2012, while Michigan State University was triumphant this year and in 2017, 2015, and 2013.
Samuel Brozina, from Millville, New Jersey, is a graduate of Millville Senior High School, a comprehensive community public high school located in Cumberland County, New Jersey. In addition to his involvement with Odyssey of the Mind, Brozina also served alongside teachers and administrators on the school’s leadership council, charged with planning and implementing various school improvement projects.
“Following my time at Millville Senior High School where I was involved with Odyssey of the Mind, I attended nearby Cumberland County College where I earned a degree in criminal justice,” reveals Brozina.
“I’ve since gone on,” he adds, wrapping up, “to acquire my private pilot’s license and have recently purchased my own airplane, a vintage ERCO Ercoupe, from a seller in Pennsylvania.”
To learn more about Samuel Brozina, visit https://samuelbrozinamillvillenj.com/.